Sometimespace

The girls have settled in well now. Bunty has made sure that the others all know that she is still queen bitch, but the others really only pay her lip service… Sorry, beak service…

The new girls are all competent jumpers, and even with cropped wings they still manage to reach new heights – literally. We’ve had to put higher netting up around the fences after Knickers found herself in the neighbours garden…. after getting on top of the hen house, along the fence & over the trellis…

Three of them are like shadows whenever we go out into the garden. Hulahoop, Porsche and Sonic have to be at our feet as soon as they see us. Hulahoop goes One further and tries to be eye level – or at least as high and close to us as possible. They are all very lovely ladies, and we’re glad that these…

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Sometimespace

Two years ago we took in some rescued ex-battery hens. We took in 4, as that seemed a good number. You have to get a minimum of 3 so they have company, and if introducing them to an established flock you need a few to help the introduction go smoothly, or the new (scrawny) hens will get picked on….

When we lost our first hen, we thought it seemed a bit too quiet with just 3. We decided to take on 3 more to make it up to 6. The reasoning being that if we lost 3, we would still have 3, and we could get another 3…. 6 as a number worked really well.

It’s really rewarding looking after rescue hens. Just seeing them become fitter, healthier and friendlier is wonderful… and of course there are the benefits of the eggs…. Gloriously bright & tasty…

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Hooray it’s spring!!! (kind of)

Hello again and welcome. Here is a brief update on things occurring with us here in the Black household.

It was a very warm Autumn, then a strange winter with not much rain, not very much snow (boo!!) and now we have rain. Lots and lots of rain.

Being in drought of course means, that all this rain is just sitting on the surface and we need an awful lot more for it to actually soak in and make a difference.

But until that happens, we have mud…. lots of mud.

Our hens are very lucky and have a lovely covered pen to stay in when the weather is really nasty. I and they don’t like being out in a howling gale and I think it’s just safer if they stay undercover.

They have a solid nylon roof with clear plastic sheets around the outside, so they can still see out but the weather can’t come in.

 

The doors are left uncovered with just the chicken (sort of) wire, so there is plenty of room for air to circulate.

 

Being protected like this, means our girls always have some dry soil to roll in and some dry land to stand on!

But thanks to this deluge of rain (lucky, as we have a hosepipe ban currently) my plants have been doing very well! Only this morning, I picked 8 lovely radishes from the veg patch. I don’t think it’ll be too long till some more are ready.

The gooseberry bush is bursting into life and the new grass seeds I planted for the girls have produced a lovey lot of grass for them. Their eggs are amazing when they’re out on the grass all the time and it makes them even happier!

 

We only have 6 hens now, after the sad death of Mel. I’ll do her a whole post when I can, but it still upsets me to think about it. She was a hen in a million. A huge gap has been left behind, but the others now seems to be OK. Crispy was a bit depressed for a few days after Mel died, but she seems back to normal now.

Here are some of the girls in their usual place, camped outside the cat flap. Just to remind me that they are staving to death and require feeding constantly.

Bonnie and I, have been having lots of fun too. Mostly dodging rain storms but we’ve built up our bond together and really trust each other now.

She’s amazing and she loves to work. I think her worst nightmare is standing around doing nothing! Although when she starts yawning when you’re tacking her up, it can be hard to believe!

This is us at our second dressage competition. She was much better behaved and a lot more relaxed than the first time. We got 62% which wasn’t quite good enough to be placed (first place got 80% and then second & third were in the 70’s) but I’m very pleased with her.

 

Here is Bonnie and me at a riding club dressage competition.

 

My pony is also feeling the spring time and has been having lots of ‘fun’ when we’ve gone out for hacks.

She likes to decide when she wants to ‘canter’ and does often try to run off when she thinks it’s time….. she’s a lot better than she used to be.

 

I started off by trying her in a pelham (which her owner said she’d been ridden in before) but as she’s only strong occasionally, I found it too much.

So, I tried her in a Waterford snaffle. Amazing, I love this bit, she loves this bit and I can stop her running off! They may look a bit scary but in sympathetic hands, it’s perfect. Not really suitable for schooling, in my opinion, as it doesn’t really allow for a consistent contact, but as a ‘don’t lean on me and run off’ prevention whilst hacking/jumping, it’s perfect.

I still school her in either a loose ring snaffle with a copper lozenge or if we’re out doing dressage, she has a hanging cheek snaffle with a copper lozenge.

She has a very large mouth with a large tongue and so she seems to find the copper lozenge more comfortable than a plain french link.

I’m hoping to get her out to do some jumping, but with the weather as it has been, the ground is much too slippery and the last thing I want is an injured pony.

Frank (the Land Rover) is running very well at the moment. He now has a radiator muff on (with an open flap as it’s not winter).

Not only does it look very smart, but it seems to help him get up to temperature more quickly and stops him cooling down quickly.

Frank is still proving to be worth his weight in gold, super reliable, sturdy, straight and just all round awesome. I never want another car and hopefully, I’ll never have to have one!

The cats are all fine. They’re all in their summer coats now (judging by the state of the carpets…) and all looking very well & content.

Poppy has settled right in and has her own space to sleep in. There is still a bit of tension between her and Miew but nothing more than he gives our other female cat, Spice.

Our son is just about to have his 6th birthday. I can’t believe how quickly all that time has gone. It doesn’t seem that long ago, he was small enough to cradle with one arm, now, he’s more than half the height of me and I’m 6ft tall!!!

So all is well here.

I hope everyone is enjoying the spring. Remember, we need the rain, really we do!!

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The newest member of the Black family!!!

Well, it finally happened. In November 2011 I got my first pony!!

Yay! After almost 25 years of riding and working with horses, I finally have one to call my own!

It may seem unlikely on the surface but I couldn’t be happier.

This is my pony.

You may remember a few posts ago I wrote about a horse we had in for sale at the yard I work at, well, this is her.

Her name is Bonnie, she’s a 14.1hh Highland pony and she’s 15 years old this year.

We had a few people try her out, but she’s so darn clever, she would figure them out straight away.

She’s an angel really, she just has a sense of humour which needs to be appreciated…..

I have always enjoyed riding her and found her antics amusing.

So after a few people came to try her, the previous owner couldn’t keep her anymore, so after a small begging session to my husband she became mine.

When she first came to us to be brought back into work, as she’d not been ridden for about 18 months, she weighed almost 500kgs!!! Which is a disgusting weight for a 14.1hh pony!

So after careful exercise and feeding, she now weighs a slender 420kgs…. still has another 20kgs to lose, as she’s still a bit cuddly!

She is the opposite of anything I ever would have looked for… grey….a mare…. and under 17hh!! I’m 6ft tall, so it seems a bit odd having a 14.1hh right?

Being a Highland pony, she is, well, built! She has huge shoulders and there is as much in front of the saddle as my friends Clydesdale cross!

Highland ponies were originally bred to carry fully grown men and dead deer down from the hills… they are said to be able to carry up to 20 stones!! Thankfully I weigh nothing near that, but you get my point.

She’s as light as a feather on the hand until she wants to mess about or gets startled, then she pulls like a train.

She is led in a chifney. 9 out of 10 times she doesn’t do anything, but when she wants to go, even in the chifney, there really isn’t much you can do about it!!

Thankfully though, she has a kind heart, and now, the only time I have any of those troubles is when something spooks her.

This is my 5 year old son riding Bonnie. She does a wonderful job of looking after him and has been a total angel. She even does that lovely slow trot you want for little ones!

It’s a good job he’s tall though, as she is rather wide!!!

The biggest job of course, as with any grey horse, is keeping her clean. She does love to roll in mud and sometimes, as my son points out, resembles a hippo…. 

Here is Bonnie doing what Bonnie loves doing best…. rolling…. she loves being covered in filth.

 Here she is with her Snuggy Hood… not impressed really, but it was worth a try. I did try a smaller one, but it still slipped.

I tried her with a Snuggy Hood but they just kept slipping and to be honest, the consequences of that are just not worth it. I’d rather have a filthy pony then an injured or dead one.

Oh look! Another rolling picture!! In this one, she just couldn’t wait to get into the field before rolling, it’s a good job I have a lovely long lead rope for her!!

So, it’s turned out well, she’s safe for my son to have a walk round on, although I wouldn’t let go of her!! LOL!!

She’s also proving to be pretty darn good and is picking everything up very quickly.

We have our first dressage competition in March, which I’m really looking forward to. We’re doing Prelim 7, which I thought would be a nice one to start with.

I have competed before, but not for a long time and of course on other peoples horses….

Thanks for reading!

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Feathery Groundforce….

Today, I thought it was time to clear the garden ready for autumn/winter.

I reckon it’s going to be an early frost and a hard winter.

My sunflowers were pretty much done, so I pulled them all down and collected the seeds.

Then I started raking the vegetable patch. No sooner than the rake came out of the shed, my feet were surrounded by 8 clucking worm freaks.

Everywhere I went, they followed. I even ended up with a cat trying to help too, although she prefers to provide vocal support and stay out of the hens reach!

Here is V8 scratching at a sunflower stalk. These were big sunflowers,  didn’t measure them but they were easily about 15ft tall…..

The girls weren’t fussed about the seeds last year, but this year, they were quite enjoying having a munch.

I took all the seeds I wanted for next years sunflowers and left the rest in the flower heads for the girls to have a play with.

This is Spice, AKA Wench, Trout, Techni-colour Tramp…. she has many names.

When we first got her as a one year old, she hid under the table for days…. but now, she never shuts up meow, meow, meow….. she is lovely though.

We nearly lost her last year as she had an infection in a lymph node (here’s a link with some info about this condition) http://www.petmd.com/cat/conditions/cancer/c_ct_lymphadenopathy

She was very sick…. and she’s never been quite the same since, but she looks a lot better than last year!

Anyway, this is the cat escape shelf, my husband put up…. they sit here (we have 3 cats) and watch the hens from a safe distance.

If any cat should be so silly as to go near a hen, then all 8 hens chase the cats down the garden….. The hens seem to like chasing our 2 black male cats best…..

Back to the girls…. here they are sorting through the seed heads, leaves and sticks I’ve raked into a pile at the end of the garden.

A good thing to remember when you have hens, is a pile is like a magnet…. they will stand on top of the pile and scratch it all over the place….

They don’t seem interested in this stuff until it’s in a pile…..

Here are Ginger (front and well…. ginger) and Crispy at the back.

They are sorting through the pile of earth I’ve just swept off of the path.

I have to do this everyday.

They all like to go in the ‘flower’ bed and dig all the compost out onto the path, I sweep it up, put it back in the ‘flower’ bed and then they dig it out again. Good fun!

Here are 7 of our 8 ex-battery hens digging and scratching about.

Hens are always moving, they are quite hard to take pictures of, especially as I only have my ancient mobile phone! (we do have cameras, but I’m not good with technical stuff so it’s safer if I stick to the phone….)

The one missing in this photo is Mel, who had gone to check out the cloche.

Here is Chicken 22 in her ‘petrified hen’ pose. She’s actually very friendly, a bit nervous but she always looks terrified!!

She does make me chuckle!

Her bald patch on her neck is growing back and I think she looks great considering she only came out of the battery farm in July!

Here are our 2 remaining original girls. We got these ladies in July 2010 with 2 others (Chicken 11 and Terri).

When we got these girls they were about 18 months old, so now they must be getting pretty close to being 3!

Hens live to about 10 years. With battery hens though, they’ve been through so much already, been made to lay loads of eggs, so it can be hard to say how long they’ll live for.

They are with us until the end. They are pets and an important part of our family.

I have been asked if we eat the hens that die. The answer is no, they are buried in the ‘flower bed’.

This is their retirement home after an awful life and they deserve to be treated with love respect, especially after what people have put them through for the sake of mass production.

Thanks for reading.

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Vegetable patch liberation!

Yesterday, I took the rest of the beetroots and carrots out of the vegetable patch.

I’ve had it fenced off since spring and our newer girls (Chicken 22, Bunty and V8) have never been in there.

Last autumn, our other girls had a great time digging it over for worms and rolling in the compost. Hen heaven.

So, today, just before I let them out, I took the fence down so the girls could go and have some fun.

Here is Bunty in the courgette plant….. she’s managed to squeeze in here a couple of times, but this is her first legal outing into the veg patch.

Her is Chicken 22 in her classic ‘petrified’ pose.

She is named after Chicken 11 who had the exact same look about her!

Here is Chicken 22 in the same place and pose, but Ginger is stood in front of her now…. she is a funny girl.

She did eventually relax!

Here is 22 (hiding behind a leaf in the top left corner), Bunty, Terri 2, Turbo and Ginger all having fun in the vegetable patch.

Ok, so 22 is still hiding in the top left corner, Terri 2 is next to her, then V8 and Bunty together in the middle and then Ginger’s bottom in the bottom left corner.

I’m convinced there are still some carrots in the ground, so I’m hoping the girls will dig them up for me….

They are wonderful rotivators and they also fertilize the ground as they go!

Some sunflowers crept into the veg patch this year…. they were huge! I’m convinced that it was due to hen poo.

 

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Windy hens and ruffled bloomers

As everyone in the UK knows, the weather has been pretty rough, and still is in some places.

On Monday, we had the high wind and even in our sheltered garden, it took it’s toll.

I didn’t let them out of the pen to start with, as with the horrible rain and wind, I was worried they might get blown away.

But later on, as the rain died down and the sun threatened to come out, I let them out to survey the damage.

The first casualty was one of my red sunflowers….. looking at it, it had been dug round the roots, most likely by hens, and then was blown over

So here are the hens tucking into the seeds from the sunflowers…. I was drying the heads out so I could harvest the seeds, but I guess I have more sunflowers….

In front with the purple leg ring is Crispy, just behind her is Bunty.

Here are most of them, all crowded round, munching seeds.

From left to right: Turbo, Crispy, Mel, Chicken 22, Bunty and Terri 2 right at the back! The missing ladies from here is V8 and Ginger.

So here is V8 all on her own. She’s a funny lady, a bit shy, but very curious…. she’ll quite often do a great eagle noise impression whilst I clean them out….

She lays brown speckled eggs and she always lays them in the same place.

She’s very friendly, and is very well feathered considering she only came out of the battery farm in July.

Here is Chicken 22, named in memory of Chicken 11 who sadly passed away in the spring….. I still miss her, but this lady is just like her!

22 is  lot bigger than 11 but she has that same crazy look about her and the floppy comb…..

22 is quite nervous and is the bottom ranking hen, she’s become much friendlier and doesn’t seem to be as worried anymore.

So, back to the sunflower massacre…. 22 is in the front, with her typical startled face, then Crispy, with her concentrating face.

Mel is just behind Crispy’s tail and Terri 2 is on the other side of the plant, mid-blink! I do believe that is Turbo’s neck in the bottom left corner.

Here is another picture of the ladies having a munch.

Ginger is in the middle with the pink leg ring, Terri 2 is on the left with the green leg ring and Crispy is still in best place with her purple leg ring.

You can tell that Crispy is the boss here, even though Mel is in overall command, Crispy is the right hand ‘bird’ and does Mel’s dirty work…..

Ginger has the biggest, puffiest tail out of all of the hens.

When we first got her, she didn’t have many feathers but her tail was huge!!

She was terrible trouble to start with, a real bully….. but once she settled and stopped trying to beat everyone up, she turned out to be a really lovely hen.

Here is Ginger when we first got her.

In this picture she is actually facing up to herself in the mirror….. she was a bully and thought she should be the boss.

When we first let her in with the other hens, she tried to take on all three of our existing hens at the same time!!

I don’t think any hen or person had ever been nice to her and she felt like she had to fight for everything….. poor girl.

Now, she’s very easy going, happy to be picked up and will sit on your lap for a cuddle…..

The sunflower is still laying on the lawn, the girls don’t seem to have finished with it yet…. maybe I’ll leave it there just a bit longer.

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Hen and ink

Hello again,

I have always enjoyed drawing, usually horses, but after having our son and general life stuff, I have not had time to draw.

Recently, I started drawing again and thought I’d try drawing some of our ex-battery hens.

I thought I’d share them with you.

This is the first picture and the first time I’d ever tried to draw a chicken….. This is Ginger. I chose to draw her first as she has a funny expression and a massive floppy comb…. also she makes me laugh!

This is also the first time I have drawn using ink. I usually only draw with pencils or use watercolour. But, there’s a first time for everything!

I then decided to have a try at doing a coloured sketch.

I chose water colour pencils to start with as they are quite easy to blend and I think they give a ‘soft’ feel to the picture.

This is a picture of Mel from two different angles. Mel is one of our oldest hens, I know her quite well now.

She is a very dominant character but very friendly at the same time.

This is another coloured sketch, this time of one of our newer hens, V8.

She is a funny little hen, with a very expressive face. I’m building up to drawing a whole hen.

This is my latest one, I thought I’d have a play with some more vivid colouring and a background….

I’m not totally happy with this one, the hen on the right (Chicken 22) her eye is a bit small and I haven’t quite gotten her expression right.

The other two hens (Ginger and Crispy) I’m pretty happy with….. not sure about the background, but I think I could pick holes in my own stuff all day!!!

They are quite peculiar animals to draw, I’m still practising!

I shall add some more drawings as I do them.

Thanks for reading.

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The hens home improvements

I’ve been a bit busy recently, so sorry about the quiet time!

I thought I’d write about the wonderful work my husband has done on our hens pen this week.

For sometime now, we’ve had some waterproof material covering half the pen to give the girls some extra shelter and keep the ground a bit drier.

My husband brought some waste material (solid sheets of nylon) home from work to make a solid roof for the pen in preparation for winter.

We have 2 extra hens this year, so we’ll need more dry space and they’ll need to spend more time in the pen when the weather is awful.

Also, our back garden gets a bit swampy and the grass suffers, so last year I kept them in their pen for a couple of weeks at the beginning of spring.

Just to give the grass a chance to grow, because as fast as the new shoots were growing, the hens were eating them faster!!

I re-seeded the lawn, just to make sure there would be plenty of grass for them for the summer and there has been.

So, my husband drew up a rough design, we bought some hinges, screws and bits of wood and got to work.

I helped, held stuff, passed stuff but he did all the tricky measuring and cutting. Being an engineer, he’s much better at that sort of stuff than me!

 Here is the supporting beam for the doors. 
There will be two doors, one at each end. 
The doors will open from a solid section, with the hinges over this piece of wood.
I have also put some sharp sand down on the floor to refill some of the holes that had been dug, and the girls love to pick the little bits of stones out of the sand. 

Here are the two sheets of solid nylon laid in place, ready for cutting. 
You can even see the guide line already drawn down the middle. 

Here is my husband cutting the sheets, ready to put the hinges on. 
This nylon is so strong he was able to sit on top of it whilst he cut. 
It should easily take the weight of the snow and provide the girls with a good secure roof. 

All cut and ready for the hinges! 
As you can see by the sand, the girls  have already tried to re-arrange everything. They are so helpful. 
In case, anyone is wondering, they weren’t at all bothered by the circular saw sounds.

Hinges on and working perfectly!
Yes, that’s me…. LOL! The doors are quite heavy, but that works fine for me. 
My husband has even made some struts to hold them open, as they don’t go all the way back. 
Clever guy! 

Here is V8 helping my husband to finish off. She’s a nosey thing and loves to be involved in everything, but then, don’t they all…… 

Here is V8 again, this time helping to carry a piece of wood. 
She prefers to supervise and I think she does a pretty good job. 
This wood was used to make some perching areas out in the pen. 
They have a little climbing frame thing out there now! 

Done, just got the tidying up to do. 
You can see Mel in the pen checking it out. 
She’s the top bird, so needs to see  everything first.
The others were happy grazing and rolling in the flowerbed. 

We have also put some bubble wrap around the outside of the pen just to keep any driving rain out.

We wanted to make sure our girlies stay nice and dry.

Thanks for reading!

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The digestive journey of hen food!

Hello,

I thought I’d start to collect together some of the information I have found about hens. I thought it maybe useful to have it all in one place, for myself and anyone else who needs it. 

Firstly, lets look at where everything is stored, inside a hen. 

This diagram gives you a good view as to wear all of the organs are placed inside your hen. When looking at separate processes (digestion, respiration, circulation etc..) it is a good idea to also have an idea of where the other organs are. 

The most important thing to a hen is eating as it is with most animals and people! The hen uses a mixture of gravity, mechanical action and chemicals (enzymes) to eat. 

✯ The beak – the hen pecks, and picks at food. As she takes it into her beak saliva is added. The saliva contains enzymes which begin to break the food down.
✯ The food passes down to the crop using gravity alone.The hen has no teeth and doesn’t chew.
✯ The crop – This is a pouch at the base of the neck, found on the front of the left side of the breast. As the hen eats, it fill with food and will become more visible. As the hen sleeps, the crop breaks down the food and empties. When the hen wakes up in the morning, the crop should be empty. The crop is also responsible for sending a hunger signal to the brain.
✯ The oesophagus – the food leaves the crop and passes down the oesophagus to the glandular stomach or proventriculus.
✯ The proventriculus – this is where more enzymes and stomach acids are added to the food to break it down into a form where the nutrients maybe extracted by the intestines. It is fairly small but it’s richly supplied by glands and lymphoid tissues. 
✯ The gizzard – the hen eats grit which collects in a muscular stomach called the gizzard. As the food passes into the gizzard from the proventriculus, it is ground down by the muscular action before it enters the small intestine.
✯ The small intestine – this, as with most animals, consists of three parts, the duodenum, jejunum and the ileum. The largest part of the small intestine, is the duodenum. This is supplied with enzymes secreted from the pancreas. The food is broken down further with the action of these enzymes (which break down proteins), before it passes on to the large intestine.
✯The caeca – these are two blind ended tubes which provide space for fermentation.  Fermentation is a process where food is subject to microbial breakdown. The caeca is responsible for the mustard to light brown foamy droppings that your hen produces, usually at a rate of about 1 in 10 droppings.
✯ The large intestine – This is quite short, consisting of two main parts, the colon and the rectum. At the end of the large intestine, is the cloaca or vent.
✯ The cloaca or vent – This is an opening shared by the urinary and the digestive tract.
✯ The liver – Nutrients are absorbed through the walls of the alimentary canal (digestive tract). The liver secretes bile which aids in fat digestion. The liver is a major detoxification organ for the body.
The pancreas – The pancreas secrets enzymes and produces hormones. The pancreas is responsible for producing insulin and controlling the bloods sugar level.
It is important to note at this point, that the hen does not urinate. The fecal matter and urine come out as one neat little parcel.

Here is another diagram, showing only the bits I have mentioned above. I didn’t draw this, but I thought it’s a nice simple diagram that shows everything fairly clearly.

Meeting the nutritional needs of your hen

Now that we’ve looked at the digestive system, organs, associated organs and processes, I thought now might be a good time to look at what your hen actually needs to eat in order to stay healthy. Like many animals, there is a fairly good range of ‘complete foods’ available, so you don’t need to worry too much. 
What your chicken needs to eat, will also depend on what you’re keeping her for, is she a meat hen or a laying hen. Most hens will fall into either of these two categories, even if she’s a pet hen, she’ll still most likely be laying eggs. 

This table shows the basic nutritional requirements for laying hens and meat hens at different stages of their life. 

Initially the meat hen requires a large protein intake, this is because most meat hens will have reached the required weight by just 7 weeks of age. 

The laying hen however, doesn’t require quite as much protein whilst she is growing. Once she is grown and at ‘point of lay’ (around 16-21 weeks of age) she will then require a lot more calcium in order to make those lovely egg shells! 
There are six main nutrients/elements that your hen needs in order to stay healthy. These are pretty much the same for most animals.

Carbohydrates – this is the main source of energy within food. For hens, most of the carbohydrates will come from grains, whatever type of feed you choose (pellets, mash, whole grains)
Proteins – The building blocks. They are required for the maintenance and healthy production of tissues, whether it’s muscle or organ tissue. They are also necessary for the production of hormones and, proteins also provide a small amount of energy.

Fats – Another source of energy for the hen, they also provide the fatty acids which are essential for some bodily processes.
Minerals – There are many of these and are also known as mineral nutrients. Dietary minerals are inorganic, which means they don’t contain carbon.
Vitamins – These are organic chemicals, meaning they do contain carbon. There are a wide range of vitamins, each having a different action within the body. It is important to make sure your hen receives a broad spectrum of vitamins within her diet. A good way of doing this, is to feed a general vitamin supplement.
Water – Essential for all bodily functions. The hens body is about 65-70% water, so constant access to fresh drinking water is essential.

The hens feed intake requirement will depend on many things such as age, breed/type, ambient temperature, free range or not, the general health of the bird and of course the sex of the bird (but I’m focusing on hens).

Many things are used to make up a commercial layers ration. These include (but not exclusively) corn, soyabean, rice bran, barley and some even use animal by products, such as bone meal.

It is important to read the label when buying feed, generally, though the choice between pellets, crumbs or mash will be according to your birds preference, as they will most likely contain the same ingredients (if they are from the same manufacturer).

I found this recipe for homemade chicken feed on the Greener Pastures Farm website.

2 parts whole corn (in winter this is increased to 3 or 4 parts)
3 parts soft white wheat
3 parts hard red winter wheat
1 part hulled barley
1 part oat groats
1 part sunflower seeds (in winter this is increased to 2 parts)
1 part millet
1 part kamut
1 part amaranth seeds
1 part split peas
1 part lentils
1 part quinoa
1 part sesame seeds
1/2 part flax seeds
1/2 part kelp granules
free choice of granite grit

free choice of oyster shell

I thought it maybe interesting to see what was suggested. I would imagine, that trying to make up your own hen feed would be a very expensive option for the backgarden hen keeper. 

I have paid between £7.99 and £10 for a 20KG sack of layers ration (pellets, mash and crumb). Also whole grains have a very short shelf life, so unless you had a large flock it probably wouldn’t be viable. Also when feeding a whole grain diet, the access to grit is even more important.

If your hens are free ranging, they’ll also have access to grass, bugs, soil and other leafy plants which they will quite happily ‘trim’ for you!

Feed supplements, particularly if you have ex-battery hens or hens in poor condition, are important. They can bolster the diet and are found as feed, water or even directly administered drops. One I have always used is Poultry Spice

This can be found quite easily at most places who stock poultry feed or online.
It is made in this powder form or as a water additive. I have tried both and my girls seem to prefer the powder, which you simply add to feed.

Another supplement I personally like to feed my hens is garlic. It’s a brilliant ‘wonder’ herb in my opinion. It also helps to neutralise the droppings (make them less wiffy) and can act as a mild bug deterrent. I have read in a few places that the garlic taste will transfer to the egg. I have not found this to be the case, my hens get a good scoop of it everyday in their feed and I have yet to find a garlic flavoured egg.

Poisonous plants. I feel at this point it is important to mention that there are some plants that are poisonous to hens. I found a list on Omlet which lists these plants. It is important to make sure your hen doesn’t have access to these. Most poisonous plants don’t taste very nice, but hens are little feathery dustbins and will have a go at eating most things, so please, check your little patch and remove them. Don’t use weedkiller as this of course, is also poisonous to hens.

Poo…. now when it comes out, it has many, many different looks. I think it’s just easier if I give you this link poo pictures , which shows many photos of chicken poo, normal, sick and the foamy caecal poo. Poo can give you a good indication of how the hen is feeling, so it’s important to take note of any abnormalities.

So that is pretty much the hen, what she eats, where it goes, what happens to it and what happens when it comes out the other end!

Thanks for reading, I hope you found this useful. 

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